Consulta por: Publicación seriada
Autor: Guerrero Alcedo, Jesús Manuel (Comienzo)
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Autor: Guerrero Alcedo, Jesús Manuel jesusguerrero.psi@gmail.com
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Título: CAPITAL SOCIAL Y ESTILOS DE VIDA: UNA REVISIÓN DE LA LITERATURA
ISSN: 2342-5534
Fecha: 2018
Páginas/Colación: pp. 31-42
En:/ REVISTA VENEZOLANA DE SALUD PUBLICA Vol. 6 Nro. 1 Enero - Junio 2018
Información de existenciaInformación de existencia
Categoría Temática: Palabras: MED02 MED02
Palabras Claves del Autor: Palabras: CAPITAL SOCIAL CAPITAL SOCIAL, Palabras: ESTILO DE VIDA ESTILO DE VIDA, Palabras: PROMOCIÓN DE LA SALUD PROMOCIÓN DE LA SALUD
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RESUMEN
En la actualidad diferentes estudios sugieren que el capital social es un determinante clave de la salud física y psicológica en la población; sin embargo poco se sabe acerca de la relación entre éste y las conductas asociadas a los estilos de vida. El presente estudio tiene como objetivo identificar las evidencias empíricas que evalúan la relación entre el capital social y las conductas asociadas a los estilos de vida mediante una revisión de la literatura. Se examinaron fuentes originales en inglés, español y portugués de las bases de datos: Pubmed, Scielo, Ebsco, Google Scholar y Sciencedirect entre los años 2000 y 2017; utilizando los siguientes descriptores: capital social, estilos de vida, conductas de salud. La muestra final quedó conformada por treinta y seis (36) artículos. Los hallazgos evidencian que el capital social se relaciona con todos los factores asociados a los estilos de vida en mayor o menor magnitud.Los estudios sustentan la idea de que la participación social, las redes sociales de apoyo, la confianza social y la membresía como elementos del capital social, poseen una influencia notable sobre los estilos de vida, de allí su importancia de incorporarlo en futuros programas e intervenciones de promoción de la salud.
Palabras clave: capital social, estilos de vida, promoción de la salud.

ABSTRACT
Currently many studies suggest that social capital is a key determinant of physical and psychological health in the population; however little is known about the relationship between this and the behaviors associated with lifestyles. The aim of this study is to identify, through a review of the literature, the empirical evidence that assesses the relationship between social capital and behaviors associated with lifestyles. Original sources in English, Spanish and Portuguese of the databases were reviewed: Pubmed, Scielo, Ebsco, Google Scholar and Sciencedirect between the years 2000 and 2017; was using the following descriptors: social capital, lifestyles and health behaviors. The final sample consisted of thirty-six articles. The findings suggest that social capital is related to all the factors associated with lifestyles to a greater or lesser extent. Studies support the idea that social participation, social support networks, social trust and membership as elements of social capital have a significant influence on lifestyles, hence the important of incorporating it in future programs and interventions of health promotion.
Keywords: Social capital, lifestyles, health promotion.

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Autor: Guerrero Alcedo, Jesús Manuel jesusguerrero.psi@gmail.com
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Título: Comportamiento sexual de protección en adolescentes: un enfoque desde la psicología positiva
Sexual behavior protection in teenagers: a positive psychology approach
ISSN: 2343-6158
Fecha: Diciembre 2013
Páginas/Colación: pág. 20 - 39
En:/ Mayéutica Vol. 1 Nro. 1 Diciembre 2013
Información de existenciaInformación de existencia
Categoría Temática: Palabras: DEHA01 DEHA01
Palabras Claves del Autor: Palabras: ADOLESCENCIA ADOLESCENCIA, Palabras: COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL DE PROTECCIÓN COMPORTAMIENTO SEXUAL DE PROTECCIÓN, Palabras: FACTORES PROTECTORES FACTORES PROTECTORES, Palabras: PSICOLOGÍA POSITIVA PSICOLOGÍA POSITIVA
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RESUMEN
En la actualidad el comportamiento sexual en los adolescentes sigue siendo tema de estudio de numerosas investigaciones, debido a las repercusiones biológicas, psicológicas y sociales que ocasionan, convirtiéndose en un problema de salud pública a nivel mundial y en específicamente en Venezuela. Esta parte de la población se considera un grupo vulnerable debido a los cambios propios de la etapa, que de no ser orientados adecuadamente pueden incurrir en prácticas sexuales de riesgo, ocasionando daño a su salud y a la salud de otros. Ahora bien, por mucho tiempo las investigaciones en torno a esta área han sido abordado bajo un enfoque de riesgo, dirigidos a prevenir patologías, relegando a un segundo plano el fortalecimiento de las potencialidades y habilidades propias de las persona como un mecanismo para promocionar salud. Es así, como surge un movimiento en psicología denominado Psicología Positiva que intenta rescatar el otro extremo olvidado, es decir, el aumento de las potencialidades, recursos, bienestar, cualidades y aspectos positivos, y la capacidad de reponerse frente a las adversidades, que hasta hoy son pocos estudiados desde el enfoque de riesgo. Los estudios indican que existen factores de protección que ayudan a los adolescentes a llevar a cabo comportamientos sexuales de protección como la resiliencia sexual, estilos de afrontamiento, comunicación familiar, autoeficacia, autoestima y apoyo social. Todas estas cualidades y aspectos positivos parecen ser las razones más convincentes para promover comportamientos sexuales saludables entre los adolescentes e implementar programas educativos que se orienten a fortalecer prácticas sexuales con mayor responsabilidad.

Abstract
Sexual behavior protection in teenagers: a positive psychology approach
Nowadays, sexual behavior in teenagers continues being a topic of study for numerous researches, due to the biological, psychological and social repercussions they cause, turning into a problem of public health worldwide and specially in Venezuela. This segment of population is considered to be a vulnerable group due to their own changes at this growing stage, if these changes are not treated adequately teenagers can go through high-risk sexual practices, jeopardizing their own and others’ health. For long, researches focusing on this problem, have addressed a risk approach, intended to prevent pathologies, tossing aside the strengthening of potentials and skills of a person as a mechanism to promote health. Therefore a movement emerges in psychology field: Positive Psychology, which manages to rescue another forgotten opposite side, that is to say, the increase of the potentials, resources, well-being, qualities and positive aspects, and the capacity of overcoming adversities, which up today, they are slightly studied by the risk approach perspective. Studies indicate that protection factors take place to assist teenagers to carry out protection sexual behaviors like sexual resilience, confronting styles, familiar communication, autoefficiency, self esteem and social support. All these qualities and positive aspects seem to be the most convincing reasons to promote sexual healthy behaviors among teenagers and to implement educational programs oriented towards strengthening sexual practices and greater accountability.

REFERENCIAS BIBLIOGRAFICAS
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