Consulta por: Publicación seriada
Autor: Álvarez, Hugo (Comienzo)
Sólo un registro cumplió la condición especificada en la base de información BIOAGRO. ()
Artículos en éste númeroArtículos en éste número
Autor: Sarmiento, Leidy
Oprima aquí para enviar un correo electrónico a esta dirección; Pérez Almeida, Iris ; Díaz, Byron ; Álvarez, Hugo ; Viera, William ; Pérez Almeida, Iris ; Díaz, Byron ; Álvarez, Hugo ; Viera, William
ISSN: 1316-3361
Fecha: 2017
Páginas/Colación: pp. 153-162
En:/ BIOAGRO Vol 29 Nro.3 Septiembre - Diciembre 2017
Información de existenciaInformación de existencia
Categoría Temática: Palabras: AGR01 AGR01
Palabras Claves del Autor: Palabras: ISSR ISSR, Palabras: MARCADORES MOLECULARES MARCADORES MOLECULARES, Palabras: MEJORAMIENTO DE FRUTALES MEJORAMIENTO DE FRUTALES, Palabras: Tamarindus indica Tamarindus indica
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To improve the potential of tamarind as an economically valued domesticated species it is important to characterize its variability in Ecuador for breeding purposes. Our aim was to investigate the genetic diversity of 32 tamarind plus trees using inter-simple sequence repeat (ISSR) markers. Eighty four loci were examined using 12 markers, with a mean number of 4.42 loci per primer; 8 loci (9.52 %) were monomorphic and 76 (90.48 %) polymorphic, revealing genetic variability among the individuals. Polymorphic information content (PIC) values varied from 0.29 (ISSR_808) to 0.93 (ISSR_HB12), whereas the marker index ranged from to 26.4 (ISSR_814) to 62.5 (ISSR_17899A). Primers ISSR_HB11, ISSR_836, ISSR_842, ISSR_848, ISSR_860, ISSR_17899A and ISSR_17899B were useful to discriminate the grouping of the accessions according to their PIC values. Ward cluster analysis grouped accessions into two major groups with five subgroups with 46 % similarity according to Jaccard distance. The genotypes from Loja, Manabí and Guayas provinces were grouped in the first cluster; while only individuals from Manabí located in the other group, indicating major diversity in the latter province. Genotypes T1-ECUM-001 and T1-ECUM-002 presented 76 % similarity, while T1-ECUM-008, T1-ECUM-010, T1-ECUM-012, T1-ECUM-017 and T1-ECUM-018 shared 60 %. All materials from Loja grouped with 65 % similarity. Other genotypes clustered with similarity of 54 %. The cophenetic correlation coefficient (0.634) showed a good fit between the data matrix and the dendrogram results. A reasonable degree of diversity was found among tamarind genotypes potentially useful to select plus trees for clonal propagation as well as to identify diverse parents for hybridization programs.
Additional key words: Fruit tree breeding, ISSR, molecular markers, Tamarindus indica

Para aumentar el potencial del tamarindo como especie domesticada con valor económico es importante caracterizar la variabilidad en Ecuador con propósitos de mejoramiento. Nuestro objetivo fue investigar la diversidad genética de 32 árboles élite de tamarindo utilizando marcadores de secuencia inter-simple repetida (ISSR). Se examinaron 84 loci con 12 marcadores, con un número promedio de 4,42 loci per primer; 8 loci (9,52 %) fueron monomórficos y 76 (90,48 %) polimórficos, revelando variabilidad genética entre individuos. El contenido de información polimórfica (PIC) osciló entre 0,29 (ISSR_808) y 0,93 (ISSR_HB12), mientras que el índice de marcador fluctuó entre 26,4 (ISSR_814) y 62,5 (ISSR_17899A). ISSR_HB11, ISSR_836, ISSR_842, ISSR_848, ISSR_860, ISSR_17899A e ISSR_17899B fueron útiles para discriminar accesiones según sus CIPs. El análisis de conglomerados de Ward formó dos grupos principales y cinco subgrupos con 46 % de similitud según la distancia de Jaccard. Genotipos de Loja, Manabí y Guayas se aglomeraron en un grupo; mientras que sólo accesiones de Manabí quedaron en el otro, indicando mayor diversidad en la última provincia. Los genotipos T1-ECUM-001 y T1-ECUM-002 presentaron 76 % similitud, mientras T1-ECUM-008, T1-ECUM-010, T1-ECUM-012, T1-ECUM-017 y T1-ECUM-018 compartieron 60 %. Todos los materiales de Loja se agruparon con 65 % de similitud. Otros genotipos se concentraron con similitud de 54 %. El coeficiente de correlación cofenética (0,634) mostró buen ajuste entre la matriz de datos y los resultados del dendrograma. Se encontró un grado razonable de diversidad entre los genotipos de tamarindo potencialmente útil para seleccionar árboles élite para propagación clonal así como para identificar progenitores diversos para programas de hibridación.
Palabras claves adicionales: ISSR, marcadores moleculares, mejoramiento de frutales, Tamarindus indica

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